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Chiropractic Techniques


The Technique Issue


Cranial Adjusting in the Chiropractic Clinical Setting


Edwin Shepherd III, DC


Adjusting cranial bones in a chiropractic clinical setting has been performed in chiropractic offices across North America. Cranial adjusting has been a part of several Chiropractic techniques such as S.O.T., D.N.F.T. and Activator. It is also a major part of the Cranio-Sacral Technique.


In 1939, William Sutherland, a student at the American College of Osteopathy, hypothesized the movement of the cranial


bones along their suture lines. In the mid- 1970’s John Upledger and a research team from Michigan State University researched the movement of the cranial bones. He contended that the cranial bones have slight movements along the sutures. He found the sutures to contain nerve fibers, blood vessels and connective tissues.


The cranial sutures are classified as fibrous joints. The adult skull has 22 bones that


are joined together along the cranial suture lines. Sharpey’s fibers along the suture joints permit some flexibility of the cranial suture joints.


Chiropractic adjusting of the cranial bones involves forces directed in specific lines of drive to correct the slight misalignments that can occur along the cranial suture joints. The forces applied to correct cranial bone misalignments may be applied


continued on next page Ple xus Oct/No v 2019 13


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