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alternative to surgery, hard bracing, and watching and waiting. In addition to rehabilitative and other neuromusculoskeletal corrective methods mentioned earlier, nutrition and biochemical factors should be considered as a component of conservative management in these cases.

As demand for less invasive treatment approaches increases and laboratory/diagnostic testing becomes more standardized, utilization of conservative care services for patients with AIS undoubtedly will become a treatment of choice. Patients need whole health approaches, and we as conservative care providers need to be ready to ll this void in the primary health care.

2. Hawes MC. The use of exercise in the treatment of scoliosis: an evidence-based critical review of the literature. Pediatr Rehabil. 2003 Jul-Dec6(3-4):171-82.

3. M. Romano, A. Negrini, S. Parzini, M. Tavernaro, F. Zaina, S. Donzelli, S. Negrini. SEAS Scientic Exercises Approach to Scoliosis: a modern and effective evidence based approach to physiotherapic specic scoliosis exercises. Scoliosis. 2015 Feb 510:3. doi: 10.1186/s13013-014-0027-2. eCollection 2015.

5. Alan Woggon, Daniel Martinez. Chiropractic treatment of idiopathic scoliosis with the Clear Institute method: a description of the protocol. Scoliosis. 2013 8(Suppl 2): P6. Published online 2013 Sep 18. doi: 10.1186/1748-7161-8-S2-P6

6. Mark W. Morningstar, Dennis Woggon, Gary Lawrence. Scoliosis treatment using a combination of manipulative and rehabilitative therapy: a retrospective case series. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2004 5: 32. Published online 2004 Sep 14. doi: 10.1186/1471-2474-5-32

4. C. Fusco, F. Zaina, S. Atanasio, M. Romano, A. Negrini, S. Negrini. Physical exercises in the treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: an updated systematic review. Physiother Theory Pract. 2011 Jan27(1):80-114.doi: 10.3109/09593985.2010.533342.

References 1. T. Tsiligiannis, T. Grivas. Pulmonary function in children with idiopathic scoliosis. Scoliosis. 2012 Mar 23 DOI: 10.1186/1748- 7161-7-7.

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9. Patrick RP, Ames BN,Vitamin D and the omega-3 fatty acids control serotonin synthesis and action, part 2: relevance for ADHD, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and impulsive behavior. FASEB J. 2015 Jun29(6):2207-22. doi: 10.1096/fj.14-268342. Epub 2015 Feb 24.

10. I Kaneko, MS Sabir, CM Dussik, GK Whiteld, A Karys, JC Hsieh, MR Haussler, MB Meyer, JW Pike, PW Jurutka, 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D regulates expression of the tryptophan hydroxylase 2 and leptin genes: implication for behavioral inuences of vitamin D. FASEB J. 2015 Sep29(9):4023-35. doi: 10.1096/fj.14-269811. Epub 2015 Jun 12.

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